Attic Insulation



There are two common ways to insulate your attic space and protect your home from other weather and moisture related damages using spray polyurethane foam.

Building Science (The Traditional Way)

Attic Floor Spray Foam Insulation Application (Through a Vented Attic)

Building science and design principles that your builder/architect subscribes to can often dictate the method of spray foam used in the attic. Insulation is used on the attic floor to insulate the ceiling from the seasonal cold and/or heat in a traditional vented attic setting. Between the floor joists, where cellulose and fiberglass insulation is traditionally used, spray foam is also applied. However, no insulation is applied to the rest of the attic. The attic, via soffit, ridge, and gable vents, remains highly vented. Although it is not the most effective system, it is the most common engineered system used throughout the U.S. 

To achieve insulation of the attic space from the extreme heat that radiates through the roof, the sheathing, and the singles, spray foam needs to be applied directly to the underside of the roof deck. This provides the attic with the type of insulation that blocks out severe temperatures. The attic then becomes as comfortable as any other room in the house, since it is now a “conditioned” space.

“An alternative method, considered more effective by members of the spray foam industry, is to apply insulation directly to the bottom side of the roof deck. It is superior in the following ways:

  • Having the attic controlled conditioned space prevents extreme temperature swings in the summer and winter. Not having a section of your house with violent temperature swings, as is the case with an unconditioned attic, will reduce strain on your heating and cooling system. It is much easier and cheaper to keep your home cool in the summer when you don’t have a room 130 degrees above your bedroom.
  • Though this has not been verified by independent sources, logic suggests that not having an area of 130 degrees+ under your composite roof, will help prevent cooking your shingles.    
  • If your HVAC unit is installed in your attic space, heat and cooling loss out of your duct work will not be an issue.
  • Air sealing your roof deck also reduces energy cost significantly.
  • If one was to use their attic space for storage, having a controlled conditioned space can help prevent mold and mildew from destroying your possessions.
  • In the event of future re-model work, wiring for lighting and can lights will be accessible.

This is considered the most effective application by members of the spray foam industry because it effectively seals off and insulates the entire attic space from any air infiltration. The air barrier is created by applying foam directly in between the joists, on the gable wall ends, and down around the rim and into the soffits of the underside of the roof.

However, inside a vented attic, it will get up to approximately 130-degrees in the summer. There’s no reason for your air-conditioning and vent-ductwork to have to work in that type of severe conditions. There is also opportunity for moisture to form due to condensation on these appliances.

Spray foam reduces energy consumption in several ways when it is applied on a roof. It can essentially eliminate energy loss from ducts located in the attic. With less infiltration and exfiltration, excess moisture isn’t pulled into the attic since the top of the building is much tighter. Spray foam also reduces infiltration through the ceiling. It reduces energy consumption because the temperature in the attic is lower.

During the summer, standard ceiling insulation reduces the transfer of heat from the attic to the living space. In the day, temperatures can get up to 140F in the attic. There is a multi-step process from which heats enters the attic space. Initially, the shingles and sheathing are battered down with heat from solar energy. Then, heat is transferred to the rest of the attic through convection and conduction derived from hot sheathing. The heat transfer process is driven by the 140F temperature of the underside of the roof surface.

Applying spray foam insulation to the roof surface can cause an approximate 40F reduction of the temperature driving the heat transfer, which is the surface temperature exposed to the attic. Heat transfer is reduced proportional to a drop in the surface temperature, since heat transfer in both convection and conduction are proportional to a temperature difference.

Including the attic in the insulated space can offer benefits such as:

  • The issue of heat gain/loss from ducts, as well as duct leakage is substantially reduced.
  • Sealing the roof from air infiltration is more feasible than sealing the ceiling from air infiltration.
  • The living space will be clearer of loose insulation and dust.
  • When the attic is sealed, test show that energy costs are reduced.

Further information is available from ASHRAE (8700-527-4723) in a publication titled “Vented and Sealed Attics in Hot Climates.”